What to do with pet anemia?

What to do with pet anemia?

What are the types of anemia?

The common type of anemia is nutritional anemiaNon-aplastic anemia. Aplastic anemia is defined as a type of anemia which is due to hemolysis caused by infectious diseases, parasites, heavy metal poisoning or mismatched blood type. 

What are the symptoms of anemia

Nutritional anemia is largely caused by malnutrition.It commonly occurs in puppies, showing a visible pale mucous membranes on their eyelids or gums. Happily, it is just a small problem and easy to recover. All you need to do is to feed your pets with foods high in iron, protein, and vitamin C.Of course, you can also take shortcuts and replace these foods with nutritional gel and health products to help dogs improve they situation.The specific dosage needs to be determined according to the weight of the pet.

However, aplastic anemia is more often than not caused by diseases. Related pathological examinations are needed to determine the cause, so as to treat symptomatically.A general bacterial infection can give rise to leukocyte elevation. In the case of long-term malnutrition, bloody stools and internal bleeding, it will touch off anemia.Pre-anemia pets will be depressed, they loss weight and show inability to exercise.In the later stage, pets will experience lethargy, hemoglobinuria. Anthelmintics is required if the test result is parasite infection,and the specific plan needs to be determined according to the doctor's clinical judgment.We can defined it as hemolytic anemia if it is caused by massive destruction of red blood cells.The main symptoms are visible mucosal yellow staining, yellowing of the corners of the skin, depression, and later visible mucosa pale yellow and weight loss. 

Regardless of the cause of anemia, you need to consult a doctor to find out the aetiology and treat it symptomatically. 

In daily life, pet owners can also take preventive measures to reduce the probability of pet anemia.For example,daily nutrition can be increased by providing more foods rich in vitamins and protein.Pet owners must avoid messy and unclean places when traveling with pets.Reducing the exposure to the virus can cut the chance of anemia caused by disease. 



[1] Heffner, GG, Cavanagh, A, Nolan, B. Successful man-agement of acute              bilirubin encephalopathy in a dog with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia using therapeutic plasma exchange. J Vet Emerg Crit Care. 2019; 29: 549-557.https://doi.org/10.1111/vec.12876

[2] Lynch, A., Respess, M., Boll, A., Bozych, M., McMichael, M., Fletcher, D.,            De Laforcade, A. and Rozanski, E. (2016), Hospital-acquired Anemia in Critically III Dogs and Cats: A Multi-Institutional Study. J Vet Intern Med, 30: 141-146. doi:10.1111/jvim.13650

[3]Miller, A., Morley, P., Rao, S., Avery, A., Lana, S. and Olver, C. (2009),                 Anemia Is Associated with Decreased Survival Time in Dogs with Lymphoma. Journal of Veteri- nary Internal Medicine, 23: 116-122. doi:10.1111/j.1939-1676.2008.0210.x

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